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Vulval cancer

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Introduction
Cancer of the vulva is a rare type of cancer with less than 1,200 new cases being diagnosed each year in the UK.
Symptoms of vulval cancer
The most common initial symptoms of vulval cancer are a persistent itch in the vulva and the development of a lump, swelling or mass in the vulva.
Causes of vulval cancer
Several risk factors may increase your likelihood of developing vulval cancer, including human papilloma virus (HPV), vulval intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), vulval skin conditions and smoking.
Diagnosing vulval cancer
Before diagnosing vulval cancer, your GP will ask you about your symptoms and look at your medical history to see what illnesses you have had in the past
Treating vulval cancer
Treatment for vulval cancer usually involves a combination of surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Recovering from vulval cancer
You may experience numbness and changes in sensation around your vulva which are caused by the surgery. These feelings should pass within a few months.
Complications of vulval cancer
The emotional impact of living with vulval cancer can be significant. This type of emotional disruption can sometimes trigger feelings of depression.
Preventing vulval cancer
There is a strong link between certain types of human papilloma virus (HPV) and the development of abnormalities that may turn into vulval cancer.