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Tourette's syndrome

Tourette's syndrome is a neurological condition that is characterised by a combination of involuntary noises and movements called tics.
Symptoms of Tourette's syndrome
If your child has tics, it does not necessarily mean that they have Tourette’s syndrome.
Causes of Tourette's syndrome
The cause of Tourette’s syndrome is unknown. However, it is thought to be linked to problems with an area of the brain known as the basal ganglia.
Diagnosing Tourette's syndrome
In diagnosing Tourette’s syndrome, the first stage is to rule out other possible causes of your child’s symptoms.
Treating Tourette's syndrome
Behavioural therapy and medication are the main treatments for Tourette's syndrome. In very rare, severe cases, surgery or deep brain stimulation may be used.
Problems associated with Tourette's syndrome
Tourette's syndrome is often associated with psychological and behavioural problems, as well as learning difficulties.
"The urge to perform the tic is overwhelming"
Joanna was diagnosed with Tourette's syndrome in her 30s, and has had tics all her life. She describes what effects different medications had on her.