All A to Z Topics

Thyroid cancer

Syndication_logo
Introduction
Thyroid cancer is a rare type of cancer that affects the thyroid gland, which is a small gland at the base of the neck.
Symptoms of thyroid cancer
In its early stages, thyroid cancer tends to cause no or very few symptoms. A painless lump or swelling at the front of the neck is the main symptom of thyroid cancer.
Causes of thyroid cancer
In most cases, the exact cause of thyroid cancer is unknown. However, there are a number of risk factors that can increase your chances of developing the condition.
Diagnosing thyroid cancer
A thyroid function test and a procedure known as fine-needle aspiration cytology are usually used to help diagnose thyroid cancer.
Treating thyroid cancer
If you are diagnosed with thyroid cancer, you will be assigned a care team who will devise a treatment plan for you.
Complications of thyroid cancer
Unfortunately, cancerous cells can return many years after surgery and radioactive iodine treatment has been completed.