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Spina bifida

Spina bifida is a fault in the development of the spine and spinal cord which leaves a gap in the spine.
Symptoms of spina bifida
Spina bifida can cause a wide range of symptoms that can vary in severity including cognitive, mobility and bladder and bowel symptoms.
Causes of spina bifida
Although the causes of spina bifida are unknown, some risk factors have been identified, such as too little folic acid during pregnancy.
Diagnosing spina bifida
Most cases of spina bifida (myelomeningocele) are detected during routine ultrasound scans that are carried out during your antenatal appointments.
Treating spina bifida
There are several different treatments that may be used for spina bifida including surgery, therapies, mechanical assistance and treating incontinence.
Complications of spina bifida
Spina bifida (myelomeningocele) can cause several health complications. It can also have a significant psychological (mental) effect.
Preventing spina bifida
The most effective way to prevent spina bifida (myelomeningocele) is to take folic acid supplements both before and during pregnancy.