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Rheumatic fever

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Introduction
Information on rheumatic fever from NHS Choices, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, risks and treatment, with links to other useful resources.
Symptoms of rheumatic fever
Read about symptoms of rheumatic fever, including arthritis, inflammation of the heart and Sydenham chorea, which can develop one to five weeks after a streptococcal throat infection.
Causes of rheumatic fever
Most experts believe rheumatic fever is caused by the immune system malfunctioning. Almost all cases develop a few weeks after a throat infection.
Diagnosing rheumatic fever
As rheumatic fever can cause so many different symptoms, a type of checklist known as the "Jones Criteria" is used to help diagnose it.
Treating rheumatic fever
Treatment for rheumatic fever may include using anti-inflammatory medications, antibiotics and plenty of bed rest.
Complications of rheumatic fever
Complications of rheumatic fever can include rheumatic heart disease, which causes dizziness, chest pain, shortness of breath and tiredness.