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Polycystic kidney disease, autosomal recessive (ARPKD)

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Introduction
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is a rare genetic childhood condition. Cysts grow in the kidneys and damage them. In some cases, the liver can also be damaged.
Symptoms of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
Symptoms of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease include kidney disease, liver disease and, in the most serious of cases, severe breathing difficulties
Causes of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is caused by a genetic mutation in the gene, PKHD1.
Diagnosing autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
Around half of all cases of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) are diagnosed in pregnancy, during the routine ultrasound scan
Treating autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease
Most children with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD), will require treatment for kidney failure