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Pericarditis

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Introduction
Pericarditis is inflammation (swelling) of the pericardium, which is the fluid-filled sac that surrounds your heart.
Symptoms of pericarditis
The most common symptom of acute pericarditis is chest pain which is worse when lying down.
Causes of pericarditis
It is not always clear what causes pericarditis, although a viral infection is usually suspected.
Diagnosing pericarditis
The first stage in the diagnosis of pericarditis is to ask about your symptoms and recent medical history.
Treating pericarditis
Pericarditis is usually treated with medication, although surgery is used in rare cases.
Complications of pericarditis
In rare cases, pericarditis can develop into further problems, some of which can be life threatening.
See what the doctor sees with Map of Medicine
Map of Medicine for pericarditis