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Otitis media

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Introduction
Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear common in younger children. Most ear infections occur in infants aged 6-18 months, though anyone can get an ear infection.
Symptoms of middle ear infection
In most cases the symptoms of an ear infection (otitis media) develop quickly and resolve in a few days – often referred to as acute otitis media.
Causes of Middle ear infection
Otitis media is usually caused by the common cold when the infection spreads from the nose or throat through the tube that passes between the throat and middle ear.
Diagnosing middle ear infection
A diagnosis of ear infection (otitis media) can usually be confirmed by using a tool known as a pneumatic otoscope
Treating middle ear infection
Middle infections sometimes clear up without treatment. Possible treatments for persistent infections include antibiotics and painkillers. Surgery may be used in persistent cases.
Complications of middle ear infection
Complications of otitis media are now much less common then they were in the past due to the use of antibiotics but they can still occur.
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