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Neuralgia, trigeminal

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Introduction
Trigeminal neuralgia is sudden, severe facial nerve pain that can occur for just a few seconds or last for up to two minutes. It usually affects one side of the face.
Symptoms of trigeminal neuralgia
The main symptom of trigeminal neuralgia is a severe stabbing or piercing pain in your face that comes on suddenly.
Causes of trigeminal neuralgia
Although the exact cause is not always known, trigeminal neuralgia is often caused by compression of the trigeminal nerve or an underlying disease.
Diagnosing trigeminal neuralgia
See your GP if you think you may have trigeminal neuralgia. Your GP will ask you about your symptoms then may request tests to rule out other conditions.
Treating trigeminal neuralgia
Medication can provide temporary relief from the pain of trigeminal neuralgia and surgery may be considered in some severe cases.