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Gallbladder, inflammation

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Introduction
Acute cholecystitis is inflammation (swelling) of the gallbladder, usually caused by a gallstone. The main symptom is severe pain in the upper right abdomen.
Symptoms of acute cholecystitis
The symptoms of acute cholecystitis usually begin with a sudden sharp pain in the upper abdomen (tummy) that radiates towards the shoulder blade.
Causes of acute cholecystitis
The causes of acute cholecystitis can be grouped into two main categories, calculous cholecystitis and acalculous cholecystitis.
Diagnosing acute cholecystitis
If your GP suspects acute cholecystitis, they may examine you to see how tender your gallbladder is. Other tests may be needed to confirm a diagnosis.
Treating acute cholecystitis
Acute cholecysititis requires hospital treatment. Treatment includes antibiotics and a type of surgery called a cholecystectomy.
Complications of acute cholecystitis
Gangrenous cholecystitis is a common complication of acute cholecystitis. Gallbladder perforation is a less common but more serious complication.
Preventing acute cholecystitis
The most effective way to prevent acute cholecystitis is to reduce your risk of gallstones by making changes to your diet and maintaining a healthy weight.