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Diabetic ketoacidosis

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Introduction
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous complication of diabetes that is caused by a lack of insulin in the body.
Symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis
The initial symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) develop when the body detects that ketones are being produced as a result of the breakdown of fat molecules.
Causes of diabetic ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis is caused when a lack of insulin disrupts the normal working of the body’s metabolism.
Treating diabetic ketoacidosis
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is treated using a combination of frequent insulin injections and fluids to rehydrate the body.
Complications of diabetic ketoacidosis
Swelling of the brain or cerebral oedema is a potentially very serious complication of diabetic ketoacidosis.
Preventing diabetic ketoacidosis
If you've been diagnosed with diabetes, it's very important that you follow all of the recommendations regarding diet, medication, insulin therapy and self-testing.