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Breast cancer (female)

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the UK. In 2011, just under 50,000 women were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer.
Symptoms of breast cancer
The main symptom of breast cancer is usually a lump or thickened area of tissue in your breast. It is important to have it checked by a doctor.
Causes and risk factors
The causes of breast cancer aren't fully understood. However, there are some risk factors that are known to affect your likelihood of developing breast cancer.
Diagnosing breast cancer
If you notice a lump in your breast or any change in the appearance, feel or shape of your breasts, see your GP.
Treating breast cancer
Treatment for breast cancer usually involves a combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and, in some cases, hormone or biological therapies.
Preventing breast cancer
As the causes of breast cancer aren't fully understood, it's not known if it can be prevented altogether.
Breast screening
In 2011-12, almost two million women aged 45 and over were screened as part of the NHS Breast Screening Programme.
Living with breast cancer
Breast cancer can affect your daily life in different ways, depending on what stage it is at and what treatment you are having.
'I've had breast cancer twice'
Emma Duncan was diagnosed with breast cancer twice in four years, once in each breast.
'It was like somebody had kicked me in the backside'
In this video, people who have been through cancer treatment talk about what kept them going and the practicalities of
See what the doctor sees with Map of Medicine
See what your doctor sees, find out what is happening with your Breast Cancer (Female) treatment and what the next steps might be.