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Bladder stones

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Introduction
Bladder stones are stones that form inside the bladder. They can irritate the wall of the bladder and disrupt the flow of urine out of the bladder.
Symptoms of bladder stones
Symptoms of bladder stones include abdominal pain and changes to your normal pattern of urination, such as needing to urinate more frequently
Causes of bladder stones
The most common cause of bladder stones is an inability to completely empty your bladder of urine.
Treating bladder stones
Surgery is usually required to remove any bladder stones. The most widely used technique to treat adults is known as transurethral cystolitholapaxy.
Diagnosing bladder stones
If your GP suspects that you have a bladder stone, they will refer you to hospital for testing.