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Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

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Introduction
Leukaemia is cancer of the white blood cells. Acute leukaemia means the condition progresses rapidly and aggressively and requires immediate treatment.
Symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Symptoms of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia include pale skin, frequent bleeding and bone pain.
Causes of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Acute leukaemia begins with an alteration to the structure of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) that is found in the stem cells that are responsible for producing white blood cells.
Diagnosing acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
In the initial stages of diagnosing acute leukaemia, your GP will check for physical signs of the condition, such as swollen glands.
Treating acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia usually begins a few days after diagnosis as it's an aggressive condition that develops rapidly.
Complications of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
Being immunocompromised (having a weakened immune system) is a possible complication for some patients with acute leukaemia.
'I was put in an ambulance that night... I was petrified'
Read Hazel's account of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
See what the doctor sees with Map of Medicine
Map of Medicine for acute leukaemia